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Intentions for the pre-dawn meal Sahur and breaking the fast Iftar in Ramadhan

Intentions for the pre-dawn meal Sahur and breaking the fast Iftar in Ramadhan
Maret 12, 2024 laskarui
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The month of Ramadan is a month that only comes once a year, so it is not surprising that Muslims all over the world try to do and be the best in this month. The atmosphere felt this month is also very different. Where we will hear the sound of people reciting the Koran and many people sharing food on the streets and in mosques.

Because it is almost the month of fasting or the month of Ramadan, it is a good idea to know your intentions for fasting at dawn and prayers for breaking the fast as below.

Intentions for the pre-dawn meal (Sahur) and breaking the fast (Iftar) in Ramadhan

Below is the reading of the prayer for sahur and breaking the Ramadan fast. Fasting starts on the 1st of the month of Ramadan and ends on the last day of the month of Ramadan, 29 days or 30 days, depending on the conditions of the month.

Reading Intentions for Fasting and Reading Sahur and Breaking the Fast in the Month of Ramadan

1. Ramadhan Fasting Intentions

Reading the intention to fast for Ramadan is one of the conditions for valid fasting, the intention is:

Nawaitu shauma ghadin an ada I fardhi syahri Ramadhani hadzihis sanati lillahi ta ala.

Meaning: I intend to fast tomorrow to fulfill fardu in the month of Ramadan this year, because of Allah Taala.

2. Reading of Sahur Intentions

Apart from reading the intention to fast, there are also prayers that can be read at dawn. When eating sahur, you should not forget to read prayers before eating, just like when eating on normal days. For prayer at dawn, namely:

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3. Yarhanullaahul mutasahiriin

Meaning: May Allah send down His mercy on those who are fasting.

The sahur prayer is read with the intention that the meal of sahur will be a mercy and blessing. Because sahur is done in the evening at a time that is considered comfortable for sleeping. After reading the sahur prayer, it is also permissible to reread the fasting intentions that you may not have had time to read before dawn.

4. Reading Prayer to break the fast

Hastening to break the fast is sunnah. Therefore, as soon as the Maghrib call to prayer sounds, the fast is immediately canceled. The prayer for breaking the fast is offered as a form of gratitude for all the blessings that God has given.

Not only gratitude for the food that can be eaten, but also the pleasure of being healthy so we can meet Ramadhan fasting again. The prayer for breaking the Ramadan fast is:

Allahumma lakasumtu wabika aamantu walaa rizqika afthortu bureauhmatica yaa arhamar roohimiin

Meaning: Allah, because of You I fast, with You I believe, to You I surrender and with Your sustenance I break the fast, with Your mercy, Allah, the Most Merciful God.

For your information, the time to break the fast is an efficacious time to pray so that apart from reading the prayer for breaking the fast, it can also be connected with other prayers according to the wish that is being pursued.

Requirements for Valid Ramadan Fasting

When observing Ramadan fasting, you must pay attention to several legal conditions. The following are mandatory requirements for those of you who want to observe fasting during Ramadan properly and correctly:

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1. Muslim

If you want to fast, the first thing to pay attention to is being Muslim. A person who will fast must have Islamic beliefs or be a Muslim. For people who are not Muslim, they do not have an obligation to fast during the month of Ramadan.

2. Baligh

Baligh can also be interpreted as adulthood, or having passed the puberty period or having reached adulthood. For men, the measure of puberty is after releasing semen for the first time, while for women, it is counted as reaching puberty if they have emitted menstrual blood for the first time.

3. Sensible

What is meant by being rational is thinking that is not crazy or has a mental disorder. For Muslims who have reached puberty, it is mandatory to fast during Ramadan. On the other hand, for Muslims who are experiencing mental disorders, they are not obliged to fast during Ramadan.

Physically and mentally healthy

A person who fasts must be able, the meaning of being able is that in terms of physical ability, if he fasts he will not be disturbed like someone who is old and unable to carry out the obligatory fast. However, for Muslims who are physically strong, it is obligatory to fast during Ramadan.

Not a traveler

Furthermore, people who are obliged to fast are not travelers or are on a long journey. However, there are still conditions for travelers here.

Clean from menstruation and childbirth

Muslims, especially women who will fast, are not menstruating or postpartum. People who fast must be pure.

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Benefits of fasting during Ramadan

Allah gives obligations or all the things that have been ordered and that were exemplified by the Prophet SAW certainly have their own benefits for Muslims. Likewise, fasting has good benefits for the body’s health. So, here are the benefits of fasting:

  • Improves Heart Health
  • Increases Metabolism
  • Improves Brain Function
  • Helps Detoxify the Body
  • Controls Blood Sugar
  • Relieves Inflammation
  • Lose Weight
  • Increases Growth Hormone
  • Prevents Cancer, and much more.

The Wisdom of Fasting Ramadan

Ramadan fasting not only has extraordinary benefits for the body, but there is also a lot of wisdom that can be gained for people who do it.

This could also be the most appropriate time for Muslims to carry out Tazkiyatun Nafs which means cleansing the soul, repairing it and growing it so that it can become better and can develop the good potential that exists in the human soul. The following are the lessons from fasting:

  • Practice Patience
  • Forming Akhlakul Karimah
  • Influence physical condition to be healthy
  • Generates a feeling of Gratitude
  • Increase self-devotion
  • Cleanse yourself from sin
  • Get used to living frugally
  • Closer to God
  • Be alert when committing Immorality, and so on.

There are so many benefits that can be obtained, so it would be a shame if you missed it even for just one day. So, don’t waste the month of Ramadan and don’t do good deeds this month because the month of Victory only comes once a year.

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